M4P focuses on how the poor interact with market realities and how market systems work for them
Market systems are a complex web of functions, market players, internal and external influences, formal and informal rules, affiliations and obligations. They are also, invariably, interconnected and interdependent. An M4P approach analyses and understands these complex relationships and how they determine, encourage or constrain the poor's participation in, and benefit from, market systems. M4P concerns itself with building an environment conducive to pro-poor growth – supporting and entrenching the inclusive and enabling elements of market systems, whilst correcting and reforming critical systems constraints.